Environment and Climate Change Canada's Eureka Weather Station (EWS) is the primary presence in Eureka (79.98 ∘ N, 85.93 ∘ W). British Columbia may have high temperatures and dry weather, but Canada’s sunbelt is actually in Southern Alberta and Saskatchewan. A limited and carefully managed hunt for muskox began again in arctic Canada in the 1980’s. That's one reason that temperatures dive so much. The eastern parts of Canada normally have more tornadoes and a slightly longer tornado season than the western parts of Canada. The Nunavut People. Created in 1999 out of the eastern portion of the Northwest Territories, Nunavut encompasses the traditional lands of the Inuit, the indigenous peoples of Arctic Canada. “This is Victor Yankee Zero Echo Romeo Charlie,” he’ll say, using the phonetic alphabet to announce the Eureka Amateur Radio Club’s call sign and station, VY0ERC. The term Eskimo, a Cree Indian work meaning "eaters of raw meat," is considered derogatory and is no longer used in Nunavut. Renewable energy and energy independence have become hot-button topics in our society. community in Nunavut is served by a Transport Canada certified or registered airport. we identified some problems with temperature data from the Eureka Weather Station.. Today I’m starting what may be a two or three part series having a detailed look inside the Eureka Weather Station and the data it produces. In the summer, all kinds of temporary people are there, for various projects. On a seasonal basis , temperature increases have been greater and more spatially variable during the winter and spring months. There are also several special purpose or private airstrips developed to serve the resource industry or national interests such as Eureka and Alert. This tornado was Canada's first officially recorded F5 tornado. Combined with the desolate landscape and barren-ground tundra (which essentially only occurs in the high arctic) found in the area, it can make for a depressing landscape. Today the muskox population has recovered in Canada. Today, regulations permit no more than 4% of the population can be harvested for food. There are no roads connecting communities within Nunavut or to southern Canada. Canada - Canada - Climate: Because of its great latitudinal extent, Canada has a wide variety of climates. Snow almost never leaves the place, covering its soil for almost ten months … When the team arrived at Eureka this year, the sun was only above the horizon for about two hours. processes at Eureka with climate change science as an impor-tant theme (Lesins et al., 2009; Bourdages et al., 2009). Eureka is located on Ellesmere Island in Nunavut, Canada. I think a massive underestimation here (at least as a Canadian) is the lack or complete absence of sunlight for 6 months of the year in Eureka. When I was last there, there were maybe 5 or 6 Environment Canada employees on 1 year tours, and the rest were military, who are there normally for 6 months. Nunavut is immense. You have to remember that, like northern Alaska, northern Canada gets very little sunlight in winter, given its position above the Arctic Circle. Be grateful you're not in Eureka, Nunavut. The geography of the surrounding area is variable, including ridges, hills, and small mountains. Alert witnesses four months of continuous darkness and another four months of non-stop sunlight. In northwestern Canada, winter temperatures increased more than 3 °C between 1948 and 2003. The summer solstice is marked by as much as 21 hours of continuous sunlight in the capital city Iqaluit, and nearly a full day of sun in more northern communities. The changing sunlight at Eureka is an interesting aspect of our day-to-day life. Nunavut, vast territory of northern Canada that stretches across most of the Canadian Arctic. In my previous post Dial “M” for mangled – Wikipedia and Environment Canada caught with temperature data errors. Just four hours of sunlight per day heat the inside of the greenhouse up to 30 degrees Celsius warmer than the air outside. ThamainP: Nunavut is not a province. The highest and most dense natural population of muskox in the world is on the tundra near Kugluktuk, Nunavut. Flying to Nunavut is the only option available 12 months of the year. It can be more than 30 degrees Celsius warmer inside the Growing North greenhouse in Naujaat, Nunavut, than outside. Solar PV applications have demonstrated success in northern jurisdictions. Nunavut is immense. Nunavut makes up 1/5 of Canada’s landmass. It was filmed on amateur video, which was reviewed by meteorologists at Environment Canada, who estimated the wind speed was in excess of 400 km/hr (250mph). Despite its triumphant name, Eureka has worse winters than Toronto does – a lot worse. When we arrive, it is the end of “Polar Night”. Inuit means "the people who are alive at this time" in Inuktitut and refers to the people of "Eskimoid" ancestry inhabiting northern Canada. The sunniest month of all worldwide is in May at Eureka in northern Canada. It occupies a fifth of Canada. A team of Canadian researchers are preparing to head to a climate research station in Eureka, Nunavut, where they will live in close quarters for four months, conducting a … Also, even though there are only 32 km of paved roads, there are plenty of unpaved roads. The sun, however, does not rise further than 30 degrees above the horizon. Seeing all of it in one visit is not practical for most visitors. At Eureka, N. W. T., the average percentage of the sky covered by clouds experiences significant seasonal variation over the course of the year.. When High Arctic researcher Pierre Fogal calls “CQ, CQ” over his high-frequency radio in Eureka, Nunavut, it means he’s looking for contacts. The Arctic has been dark since late-October. The need to create efficient energy production systems while mitigating harm to the environment is keenly felt throughout the world, and Nunavut is certainly no exception.Since 1947, the average temperature in Nunavut has increased by 2.7 degrees Photo by Growing North That total is just the bright sunshine and doesn't count faint rays skimming across the horizon. Ellesmere Island in Nunavut is the northernmost populated place in Canada.The world's tenth largest island, Ellesmere Island has one small community (Grise Fiord) which is reachable by air (from Resolute Bay on Cornwallis Island) or – seasonally – by sea in summer. Seeing all of it in one visit is not practical for most visitors. First, it's pitch dark four months of the year. When they left, daylight hours had exceeded nine hours. In Nunavut, the Midnight Sun is the yin to the yang that is the Aurora. 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