This type of muscular dystrophy causes myotonia, which is an inability to unwind your muscles after they contract. Other signs and symptoms of myotonic dystrophy include clouding of the lens of the eye (cataracts) and abnormalities of the electrical signals that control the heartbeat (cardiac conduction defects). It is the most common form of muscular dystrophy in adults and affects about one in 8,000 people. There are several forms of MD that may affect different sets of muscles and cause more or less weakness. Signs and symptoms of myotonic dystrophy usually develop when a person is in his or her twenties or thirties. Privacy Policy | Weak gastrointestinal muscles and prolonged contraction can cause stomach pain, constipation, and gallbladder problems. Because of the risk of insulin resistance, it is important that you have your blood sugar checked at regular intervals if you have DM 1 or DM 2. Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a group of muscle diseases that results in increasing weakening and breakdown of skeletal muscles over time. Symptoms of myotonic dystrophy might include difficulty releasing one’s grip (myotonia), weakness of muscles in the hands and feet, difficulty swallowing and abnormal heart rhythms. Genetics of DM 2 is caused by a defect in a muscle protein called cellular nucleic acid binding protein (CNBP). If you think that learning difficulties could be a problem, it is best to have a formal evaluation as soon as possible and to take steps to ensure that you or your child enrolls in an appropriate educational program. Verywell / … See Medical Management for information on current therapies. Myotonic Muscular Dystrophy. As with your heart function, your breathing function will be regularly assessed. Myotonic dystrophy can occur at any age. Talk to … It is a hereditary autosomal dominant condition, which means that a person who inherits the genetic defect from one parent will develop the condition. Most of these symptoms can be lessened with treatment. Myotonic dystrophy is rare and is autosomal dominant. Myotonic dystrophy (DM) is a genetic disorder characterized by both progressive muscle wasting and stiffness; symptoms depend on type and age at onset. It is characterized by wasting of the muscles (muscular dystrophy), cataracts, heart conduction defects, endocrine changes, and myotonia. The muscles most commonly affected include the muscles of the thighs, upper arms, and trunk. In oculopharyngeal MD, symptoms aren't usually apparent until a person is around 50 years old. Both have the potential to impact multiple bodily systems, although their presentations differ in some aspects. The following sections discuss different problems that can occur, although many people with the disease have only some of them. 2021, Muscular Dystrophy Association Inc. All rights reserved. It has been described as congenital onset, juvenile onset, and adult onset, based on the age at which the symptoms begin. Insulin resistance causes elevated blood sugar, which can cause major health complications. Myotonic dystrophy is a chronic, slowly progressing, highly variable inherited multisystemic disease. For more information about these or other conditions please contact Muscular Dystrophy UK’s care and support team.) What Are the Causes of Muscular Dystrophy? Someone trained in performing and interpreting this test would be familiar with this sound. If you or your child has symptoms of myotonic muscular dystrophy, your doctor will begin by evaluating you with a thorough physical examination. Becker Muscular Dystrophy. If you have digestive problems due to your myotonic muscular dystrophy, your doctor may send you to a digestive specialist, and you will be given dietary guidance and possibly medications to manage your symptoms. http://utahtexans.com/ Click on the link above for a free video guide to dietary supplements and alternative medicine! It also causes your muscles to have difficulty relaxing. The conditions are caused by ‘unstable mutations’ that tend to get worse when passed from generation to generation. If your muscle weakness is associated with choking on food, it is best to have a speech and swallow evaluation and to adopt strategies for safe eating, such as chewing and swallowing your food carefully or eating soft foods. Two types are recognized. Examination, and stomach dystrophy in mice by eliminating a buildup of toxic in! And include myotonia, and when any heart problems are more common with DM usually... 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