Now yellow, the cloth is sun-dried and then painted with designs using a piece of metal or wood. These days, this traditional cloth is worn by many people from all ethnicities, notably by Malian musicians and in the cinemas, either as a fashion style or a demonstration of ethnic or national identity. Canvas Wall Art for Bedroom, PIY Life is Beautiful Picture Gallery Canvas Prints Home Decor, 1″ Deep Frame, Ready to Hang, Waterproof Giclee Print Oil Paintings, 12″x16″x1″(Thick) Ready to Hang – Afrocentric. In fact, the word “bògòlanfini” contains the “bogo” element, meaning “mud” or “earth”, and “fini”, meaning “cloth” in Bambara language. But as an introduction to African textile patterns and techniques, let's look more closely at four of the best-known examples: adinkra cloth, kente cloth, bogolanfini, and adire cloth. These designs and symbols always need to be decoded to communicate very important religious, historical and socio-cultural information about the settings to which they belong. ... Bamana mud cloth, or bogolanfini, is a handmade Malian cotton fabric traditionally dyed with fermented mud. The attractive white shell has all the characteristics required of money: easy to handle and carry around due to its light weight, non-perishable, good for small and large purchases. Bonus Visual Symbols and Meanings 21 Lion. These fabrics use simpler designs, often applied by stencil, painted in black on a yellow or orange background. Meaning & Symbols. [5], Traditional bògòlanfini designs are also used for on a wide range of commercial products, such as coffee mugs, curtains, towels, sheets, book covers and wrapping paper. They are used these days to add an extra element of style or design in the clothing line. [4], Around Mopti and Djenné, a simpler method is used by artists considered to be of inferior skill. Women are wrapped in bògòlanfini after their initiation into adulthood (which includes genital cutting) and immediately after childbirth, as the cloth is believed to have the power to absorb the dangerous forces released under such circumstances. These designs and symbols always need to be decoded to communicate very important religious, historical and socio-cultural information about the settings to which they belong. [3] The cloth is dyed yellow in wolo solution, made from the leaves of Terminalia avicennoides, and then painted over with black designs. [1] Since about 1980, Bògòlanfini has become a symbol of Malian cultural identity and is being promoted as such by the Malian government. You can find more about the meaning of various mudcloth symbols here . In the Bambara language, the word "bògòlanfini" is a composite of bogo, meaning "earth" or "mud"; lan, meaning "with" or "by means of"; and fini, meaning "cloth". Aka Bògòlanfini. [1], The Malian fashion designer Chris Seydou has been credited with popularizing bògòlanfini in international fashion. Gordian Knot Hunab Ku Uraeus Flower of Life Borromean Rings Globus Cruciger Vesica Pisces The Caduceus Holy Grail Merkaba The Infinity Medicine Wheel The Labyr [1], After long use, the very dark brown color turns a variety of rich tones of brown, while the unpainted underside of the fabric retains a pale russet color. [3], "Collections - National Museum of African Art", "Mud cloth from Mali: its making and use", "Bogolan Cloth: images of the production process", "Malian Bogolanfini and Cultural Identity", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bògòlanfini&oldid=995205579, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bambara-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 20:18. Bògòlanfini, also known as bogolan, is a traditional handmade Malian cotton textile that is typically dyed with fermented mud. Each one of them has its own rich history and meaning from their respective cultures. There, it is marketed as "mud cloth", either as a symbol of African American culture or as a generically "ethnic" decorative cloth. The following is a list of main colors found in African clothing, followed by their meaning to the African people. The name is a Bamana word meaning “ earthcloth ” or “ mud cloth ” (Bogo = earth, lan = by means of, fini = cloth; the cloth obtained from the earth). They are beautiful, and hold powerful meaning to the wearer. [3], In traditional bògòlanfini production, men weave the cloth and women dye it. These designs and symbols always need to be decoded to communicate very important religious, historical and socio-cultural information about the settings to which they belong. Still made today, each piece of mudcloth takes 2 to 3 weeks to complete. Aka the only time your mother will ever permit the presence of mud on your clothing. Different tribes throughout the continent pride themselves on their national dress which they use for ceremonies and special occasions. Origins and etymology. The technique is associated with several Malian ethnic groups, but the Bambaran version has become best known outside Mali. The History of African Textiles and Fabrics Many centuries ago, hair from animals was woven to insulate and protect homes. There are hundreds of different warning light symbols and signs in modern cars. The importance of color. Hence Mud Cloth. Adire (meaning “tied and died”) is an indigo-dyed cloth that is produced by the Yoruba women of southwestern Nigeria, using a variety of resist dye techniques. In General by Magnus Sellén October 22, 2020 12 Comments. The yellow is either removed, producing a stark black and white design, or painted a deep orange with a solution from the bark of M'Peku (Lannea velutina). Basic symbols used on the textiles have a universal meaning – for example a twirl for life and concentric circles representing the world, but other patterns had a particular meaning and code for smaller groups of people - hence the fabric contains a great deal of complexity within its simplicity. [1], Bògòlanfini has become a popular Malian export, notably to the United States. [1]Production Known as the "king of the jungle," the lion is a symbol of strength, royalty and authority. Hair, along with fibers from various plants and trees, were used to create bedding, blankets, clothing, and wall, window and door hangings. MUD CLOTH or BOGOLANFINI. Its shape makes it instantly recognizable and difficult to forge. [3], Based on these simplified techniques, as of around 2000, large quantities of bògòlanfini are being mass-produced for the tourist and export markets. The production technique of this special cloth is attributed to some ethnic minorities in Mali, but the Bambara version is probably the most popular option for foreign travelers. Each mud cloth, “bogolonfini,” is unique and has its own pattern and meaning. The most notable work is created by the Groupe Bogolan Kasobané, which includes 6 artists who have collaborated for nearly 40 years. [1], In Mali, the cloth is worn by people of all ethnicities, including prominently in Malian cinema and by Malian musicians, either as an expression of national or ethnic identity or as a fashion statement. From red symbolizing death to white meaning purity, the colors tell a story. The Importance of Color [caption id="attachment_8011" align="aligncenter" width="297"] George Fabric Kaftan[/caption] The following is a list of some of the main colors found in African clothing followed by their meaning to the African people. Most of the time, we disregard those symbols because we don’t understand what they mean or think they say “recyclable,” but it’s more specific than that. Because of a chemical reaction between the mud and the dyed cloth, the brown color remains after the mud is washed off. BY Jake Rossen. 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